It is essentially important to carry out electrical maintenance on a regular basis; maintaining all the electrical material fittings, appliances and devices in and around your home. Maintenance enhances the smooth running of all the electricity powered items in your home, while creating a safe environment that will be free from all sorts of hazards.
Home safety is obviously one of the most dearly held goals by most, if not all, homeowners everywhere. A home is designed to be a safe haven for its dwellers, and therefore anything and everything that favors home safety should always be accorded first priority. Electrical maintenance for the home is without question, one of the foremost and sure steps towards fostering a safe home.
The outdoor lighting around your home does a lot for your home safety. For one, it ensures that your porches and walkways are well lit and thus safe for both you and your guests at night. The other thing that they do for your home’s safety is deter thieves and burglars, who always prefer to operate in the dark. The light fixtures, bulbs and lines of your outdoor lighting require regular checks and replacements because of the nature of the outdoors. Having a licensed electrician carry out such checks on a regular basis will ensure that at no point will your outdoors be dark.
DIY Risks The urge to do things yourself when it comes to taking care of your home is always there, and often comes with a great feeling of satisfaction and fulfillment. Even as DIY comes off as good thing, there are those things that are advisably better left to the experts, and electrical repairs top that list. With a properly planned electrical maintenance schedule and a reliable electrician, you should never have the need to attempt to replace your old wiring or something like that, because that would be a dangerous thing to attempt a DIY on.
A home fire can be very devastating to the homeowner, and that is to say the least since such fires can even result in the loss of lives. Electrical faults are one of the leading causes of fires in homes, and that almost always occurs as a result of problems associated with the wiring. Heat from the wiring can, over time, degrade their protective covering to a point where it gets completely broken down. When that happens, bare wires are left at the mercy of their getting in contact with each other, shorting and sparking up a fire right there within the walls of your home, or other areas where these lines run. There are normally signs that would, if noted, alert you when your wiring has become old and degraded. These include the constant tripping of breaker switches, those brown and discolored wall sockets or outlets, and the occasional electrical shocks that you get when plugging in an appliance or simply touching it while it is plugged in.
However, when you are at that point of being able to notice those signs, it often means that the problems with your wiring are at their extreme. The best thing is to have regular checks done by licensed electricians to always be on the safe side.
Know the Wire Gauge-
Wire comes in different thicknesses, or gauges, in order to deliver the correct electrical current. It may seem backward, but the smaller the number of the wire, the larger the current. Big appliances such as air conditioners and hot water heaters will often use 6 or 8 gauge wires, while most other smaller residential items use 14 or 16 gauge wires.
Know the Numbered Cable
An electrical cable has two numbers separated by a hyphen. The first number indicates the gauge of the wire and the second number indicates how many wires are contained within the coating. So, a cable labeled 14-2 contains two strands of 14 gauge wire. The cable also contains a copper grounding wire.
Know the Color Coding Basics-
In more recently made cables, there’s a color system in place so you’ll know what type of wire you are handling. It’s important to note that not all wires and cables are color coded, so don’t rely on this system; if in doubt, it’s always best to check the numbers. Here’s a quick rundown of the color code for cables:
-Gray: underground cable. All underground cables are gray, so you’ll need to check for more specifics.
-White: 14 gauge wire, 15 amp circuit
-Yellow: 12 gauge wire, 20 amp circuit
-Orange: 10 gauge wire, 30 amp circuit
-Black: 8 or 6 gauge wire, 45 or 60 amp circuit
Wire colouring and their use-
For wires, there is a separate color coding system: Black or red wires are hot, or carrying the current from the panel to the device. White wires are neutral, carrying the current from the device back to the panel bare wires or green wires are ground wires, providing an emergency escape for the current to travel back to the panel.